10 most common foot diseases

The feet are an evolutionary miracle. The foot is a dynamic mobility and weight support device. Despite its tiny size, the foot comprises 25% of the body’s bones. It has more tendons, fascia, ligaments, and sweat glands than any other part of the body. DrLuigi’s medical footwear is recommended for a healthy, enjoyable walk.

1. Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection that causes itching and blisters. The infection is caused by Epidermophyton floccosum, Trichophyton rubrum, and Trichophyton interdigitale. It’s tinea pedis. The virus is typically transmitted in humid environments, such as swimming pools or damp surfaces. Infected footwear has the ability to spread disease. Infection is caused by walking on infectious scales. Athletes are especially susceptible to athlete’s foot due to the prolonged use of closed shoes. There are three types of athlete’s foot: inflammatory, moccasin, and interdigital. The moccasin kind affects the soles and space between the toes, but the inflammatory type affects the entire foot. Blisters, excoriation, dandruff, and severe inflammation can all result from the inflammatory kind. Itching, redness, and skin thickening are also symptoms.

2. Blisters are fluid-filled bubbles formed as a result of friction. Skin trauma, generally where shoes rub, causes them. The majority of blisters are caused by wearing shoes that are too small. They are not harmful, but they can cause problems. Blisters should not be rubbed or penetrated, but should instead be covered with a band-aid until they harden. If the blister is bothering you, you can carefully rupture it. Sterilize and pierce a small area of flesh without removing the surrounding skin. Infection is avoided by removing the top skin. Disinfect the blister with alcohol or similar disinfectant after drilling it.

3. Women are more prone to ingrown toenails. Ingrown nails in the skin and flesh affect 20% of people at some point in their lives. Ingrown toenails are caused by ill-fitting footwear and improper nail cutting. During a pedicure, the top of the nail plate should never be rounded. An ingrown toenail causes pain, redness, swelling, and infection. In most cases, infections necessitate surgery. It is simple to avoid ingrown nails. High-heeled and pointed shoes should be avoided. Shoes with pointed toes narrow the foot and push the nails and toes forward, allowing the nail to grow into the skin.

4. The majority of nail infections begin as foot infections that spread. Infection is caused by Trichophyton rubrum and Epidermophyton floccosum. Infected nails are obvious. The nail becomes whiter, thicker, brittle, and flaky. Systemic antifungals were originally used, however the regimen has since changed. Because antifungals have several side effects, combination therapy is recommended. Terbinafine, itraconazole, and fluconazole are often used nowadays. Combining laser and oral therapy Despite medical advances, total cure may remain elusive, particularly for vulnerable groups. Athletes, diabetics, the elderly with weak circulation, and the immunocompromised are at risk. Athlete’s foot infection prevention is critical. Regular foot hygiene and avoiding synthetic, tight shoes assist us in accomplishing this.

5. Calluses vs. Corns. Calluses thicken the soles at the place of greatest load, appear hard, but are not painful. It hurts to touch corns. Furthermore, the cornea is high and frequently located on the toes. Corn affects men more frequently, despite the fact that it is largely innocuous. Long-term skin rubbing can be caused by diabetes, uncomfortable shoes, not wearing socks, or a high foot arch. Corns between the toes are caused by wearing shoes that are too small. Skin thickens, yellows, and forms corns as a result of friction and sweat. Long-term foot bathing in a customer, manicure scissors… There are corn patches accessible. If you can’t get rid of corn on your own, contact a physician pedicurist to avoid additional ulcers, especially if you have diabetes.

6. Plantar fasciitis is a type of heel discomfort caused by overuse. Plantar fascia degeneration is caused by overuse injury. The plantar fascia is a band of tissue that runs from the heel to the finger joints. Sections of the middle, medial, and lateral fascia. The middle fascia is more vulnerable to injury. Fasciitis is caused by both external and internal sources. Hard, inflexible shoes, worn out shoes, training intensity modifications, and jogging on uneven terrain are all external reasons. Internal causes include pes cavus, flat feet, and heel valgus. Plantar fasciitis is caused by excessive pronation (inward foot rotation).

7. Gout is a type of joint inflammation caused by improper uric acid metabolism. Uric acid is formed as a result of purine breakdown (purines are an integral part of DNA). Uric acid is broken down in the blood and urine of a healthy person. Acid crystals grow in the joints when the body creates too much uric acid or consumes too much purine. Uric acid deposition can be asymptomatic at times. Gout is 20 times more common in men, and men aged 40 to 50 are the most affected. Gout symptoms include redness, severe pain, discomfort, heat, and heat… The knee, elbow, and toes are also affected.

8. Common foot deformities include curled toes and hammer toes. Hallux valgus is followed by frequency. With a curled toe over the wrist, redness and swelling occur, which is aided by shoe pressure. Digitus flexus can cause finger joint dislocation. The deformation of the digitus malleus differs from that of the digitus flexus. The middle and proximal phalanges of curled fingers are twisted, whereas the middle and distal phalanges of hammer fingers are injured. Surgical treatment has long-term repercussions. After surgery, patients were not immobilized and recovered fast.

9. Hallux valgus, or excessive toe bone development. The moniker “devil’s bone” refers to the problems that this condition might cause. The most common foot deformity and bone anomaly in humans is valgus. The foot narrows when the toe bends. Hallux valgus is caused by modern shoes. High heels put pressure on the front of the foot. This weight is especially heavy when standing or walking for extended periods of time. The longitudinal section of the foot should collapse and the front part should extend like a fan as a result. Tight shoes inhibit this, resulting in deformations. Fingers cluster together, and the thumb deforms and bends. Tight shoes limit foot movement by weakening muscles and connective tissue. The I. metatarsal is distorted due to arch collapse, weak muscles, and surrounding structures. Hallux valgus affects 9 times more women than men. Inappropriate footwear hastens pathological changes that begin in youth. Bunions are most commonly treated by doctors in people aged 50 to 70.

10. Morton’s neuroma is an inflammation and swelling of the nerve between the third and fourth metatarsals. Continuous toe straining, such as while wearing high heels, causes Morton’s neuroma. Inflammation and metatarsal tunnel thickening are caused by excessive tissue and nerve stress. Soreness under the toes is caused by metatarsal tunnel straining. Regular walking during workouts, particularly running, may be hampered by pain. Treatment is typically symptomatic. Physical therapy is advised, but narrow, high-heeled shoes are not. To prevent toe stretching, patients should wear wider shoes with metatarsal padding. Pads include analgesics (ibuprofen, paracetamol…).

A.A.
21.06.2022.