Do you know what the main contact points of the feet are?

There are a number of reasons why you should exercise daily to strengthen your feet. The small muscles of the foot are important but often overlooked in supporting a healthy foot. It is very important to keep your feet in good shape. Basic foot hygiene is simply not enough, and regular foot massage is a great supplement to exercise that can help improve circulation. However, you should not neglect exercise.

Regular exercise will make and keep your feet more supple and with better muscle tone, will improve overall balance and stability, which will affect your posture and gait. By walking and running, we do not activate these small muscles to such an extent, and by strengthening them, we will free the feet from pain, prevent deformations and lowering of the arches of the feet. So start today by introducing simple exercises into your everyday life.

STRUCTURE OF THE FEET

The foot consists of a total of 26 small bones, interconnected by ligaments, muscles and fascia (thin sheaths) and joints arranged in a system of arches – and this is a large number of “parts” for movement, so the number of problems that can befall it is not surprising.

The back of the foot (dorsum pedis) is covered with thin skin, under which are the blood vessels and tendons of the extensor muscles of the foot and toes. There are two longitudinal vaults and one transverse one, which work dynamically so that they accept and amortize the touch (contact) with the base. They are very important for proper foot function.

The structure of the foot is not such that it would be able to carry large static loads. Because of this, the arches and arches of the feet are often lowered due to the load, resulting in statically induced deformations, i.e. a condition called a flat or flat foot (pes planus) or a lowered and widened front part of the foot accompanied by a deformed big toe (hallux valgus).

FOOT FUNCTION

We are not even aware of the importance of the formation of our feet. The function of the feet is precisely to carry the weight of the entire body, as well as enabling movement, i.e. standing and walking. Ever since we start walking, even as children, we simply stop thinking about our own body statics and mobility, and we accept what we have learned until then as a constant that follows us throughout our lives. Walking, this dynamic activity, which requires the harmonious work of hundreds of bones and muscles of the movement system, is mastered by the average child at the age of 11 months.

We consider the foot to be a stable basis for a person’s standing position, but it is intended for movement and for better adaptation on various types of terrain. It is the only part of the body that is always in contact with the ground (when standing, sitting, lying down).

What are the main contact points of the foot?

Simply explained, these are the fifth, first and fifth metatarsal bones (places where the thumb and little toe “start”). Of course, other parts, including the fingers, touch the floor. When we take into account that the entire weight of the body rests on only three fulcrum points of the feet and often only one leg, it is unfortunate that the feet, as such an important organ for movement, are often neglected in training.

By defining the exact position of the feet in each exercise, the possibility of incorrect foot positions and the very possibility of cramping is reduced. At the same time, a precisely defined foot position, such as a tight heel or outstretched toes, will give the best possible results when performing exercises when shaping or stretching individual leg muscles.

N.D.
19.08.2022.