Foot Health Facts for Athletes

Athletes and those with increased physical activity go at least 10 km every day without even being aware of it. The feet carry most of all strains and movements. They ensure that the weight of the body is evenly distributed over all joints and the entire spine. The feet must be shaped correctly, have the proper center of gravity, and all their muscles and tendons must properly attach to the ground. The individual will be standing perfectly straight and upright in this scenario.

Every body part will feel relieved as a result, and we will use considerably less energy and strength to complete the tasks we set our bodies up to complete. Keep in mind that even seemingly simple activities like standing or walking are incredibly intricate processes in which our entire body is involved. Every stride we take requires our body to adapt to the terrain we’re walking on, keep our equilibrium, absorb shocks, modify the burden we may be carrying, and balance our spine. The feet must have the suitable center of gravity, form, and adhesion to the surface for all of this to be accomplished successfully.

Sprained ankle

Most sports injuries, up to 25% of all injuries, occur to the lateral ligament complex of the ankle.

The anterior talofibular ligament is always stretched during a sprain, which is the least serious type of damage. The injured person feels minor pressure pain, typically at the fibula’s beginning of the ligament, as well as minor pain during both active and passive ankle motions.

A rupture of the anterior talofibular ligament and a partial rupture of the calcaneofibular ligament define an injury of the second degree. The injured person complains of discomfort both when at rest and when engaging in passive and active motions.

The third degree of injury is characterized by a complete rupture of the anterior talofibular ligament and calcaneofibular ligament, and sometimes there is also a partial rupture of the posterior talofibular ligament as well as the joint capsule. The pain is so strong that it makes walking impossible, and it intensifies even when trying to move the joint.

Achilles tendinosis

The action of stresses on the Achilles tendon when walking and/or running, which are aggravated by the effect of specific predisposing variables, is associated to the onset of tendinosis of the Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon joins to the lower portion of the heel bone and is the last segment of the three-headed leg muscle. It measures five to six centimeters in length and five to six millimeters in thickness – it is the strongest tendon in the human body.

Anatomical foot deviations, excessive pronation of the feet while walking and/or running, an imbalance between the strength and flexibility of the muscles that make up the Achilles tendon, age (the elasticity of the tendon decreases with age), and a weaker blood supply to the middle third of the tendon are among the athlete-related factors worth mentioning.

Morton’s neuroma

The painful syndrome known as Morton’s neuroma, sometimes known as “Morton’s metatarsalgia,” is characterized by foot discomfort that makes it difficult or even impossible to walk normally. The foot pain is neurological in origin. A change in a little nerve that runs between the third and fourth toes and under the ligament that connects the two bones of the foot is known as a Morton’s neuroma. This modification alludes to its thickness. Although it was first believed to be a tumor and subsequently an inflammatory condition, both explanations were eventually disproved.

Pain and burning on the front and bottom of the foot, or on the “roots” of the toes, are the main symptoms of this illness. Physical exercise, especially walking and running, and maybe even wearing shoes, can make this pain worse. It’s also possible for the toes to become numb. and the forefoot, as well as other uncomfortable toe sensations. Wearing shoes with high heels and/or small shoes will undoubtedly make the pain worse. It’s crucial to rule out a wide range of illnesses that have comparable symptoms throughout the evaluation. Fatigue fracture comes first, especially in sportsmen, followed by inflammatory disorders on the tendons and conditions like gout and arthritis.

For most patients, it is possible to reduce or totally eliminate pain when used in conjunction with proprioception exercises. Another choice is shock wave therapy, which, once again when combined with exercise, has the effect of lessening the sensitivity of pain receptors through hyperstimulation analgesia. Morton’s metatarsalgia is a painful condition that may be managed by wearing appropriate footwear and using high-quality orthopedic insoles, and it doesn’t have to limit one’s ability to engage in daily or athletic activity.

L.F.
09.11.2022.